(Indian Geography) India States Capitals & Geographical Extremes


Indian Geography Notes for Civil Services Examination


How to study Indian Geography Atlas / Maps

India States Capitals & Geographical Extremes


India States With their Capital

1. Andhra Pradesh  Hyderabad
2. Arunachal Pradesh  Itanagar
3. Assam  Dispur
4. Bihar  Patna
5. Chhatisgarh  Raipur
6. Goa  Panaji
7. Gujarat  Gandhinagar
8. Haryana  Chandigarh
9. Himachal Pradesh  Shimla
10. Jammu & Kashmir  Srinagar
11. Jharkhand  Ranchi
12. Karnataka  Bengaluru
13. Kerala  Thiruvananthapuram
14. Madhya Pradesh  Bhopal
15. Maharashtra  Mumbai
16. Manipur  Imphal
17. Meghalaya  Shillong
18. Mizoram  Aizawl
19. Nagaland  Kohima
20. Odisha  Bhubaneshwar
21. Punjab  Chandigarh
22. Rajasthan  Jaipur
23. Sikkim  Gangtok
24. Tamil Nadu  Chennai
25. Telangana  Hyderabad
26. Tripura  Agartala
27. Uttarakhand  Dehra Dun
28. Uttar Pradesh  Lucknow
29. West Bengal  Kolkata

India's Union Territories and their Capital

1. Andaman & Nicobar  Port Blair
2. Chandigarh  Chandigarh
3. Dadra & Nagar Haveli  Silwassa
4. Daman & Diu  Daman
5. Delhi  Delhi
6. Lakshadweep  Kavaratti
7. Puducherry  Puducherry [ Pudcherry & Karaikal (Tamilnadu) Mahe (Kerala) Yanam (Andra pradesh)]

Indian Geographical Extremes

Highest Temperature - (56°C) Briyawali, Bikaner in Rajasthan
Lowest Temperature - (- 45°C) Dras, Ladakh in J & K
Highest Rainfall - 11,875 mm (around of) Mawsynram in Meghalaya.
Highest Peak - 8,611 metre, K2 in Jammu & Kashmir
Longest River - 2510 km, Ganga with 861,400 square km basin
► Largest River Iland - Majuli in Brahmaputra, in Assam (1500 square km) (largest in India as well as in the world)
► Largest Desert - Thar Desert 2,59,000 square km.
► Largest Plateau - Deccan Plateau, 259,000 square km.
► Highest Water fall - Jog water fall, sharawati river in Karnataka
► Largest Coastal state - Gujarat, Coastal Length (1600 km.)
► Largest brackish water lake – Chilika lake in Odisha.
► Largest Sea Beach - Marina Beach, In Chennai with 13 km length.
► 2nd largest lake - Wular lake in Bandipora distt. In J & K (largest in India as well as in Asia)
► Largest fresh water lake - Kolleru lake (Andhra Pradesh)
► Largest man-made lake - Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam) (UP and MP border)
► Highest lake - Devtal lake, Gadhwal, Uttarakhand.
► Largest canal – Indira Gandhi canal (Rajasthan)
► Largest Tributory River of India - Yamuna.
► Largest populated city - Mumbai
► Largest state (Area) - Rajasthan
► Largest state (population) - Uttar Pradesh
► State wise largest Area Under forest - Madhya Pradesh
► Largest Delta - Sundarbans Delta.
► Largest River without Delta - Narmada and Tapti
► Largest cantilever span bridge - Howrah Bridge
► Longest River Bridge - Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna
► Longest Road - Grand Truck Road.
► Highest Road - Road at Khardungla (in Leh-Manali)
► Highest Dam - Tehri Dam (Uttarakhand)
► Longest Dam - Hirakund Dam (Odisha)
► Largest Cave - Amarnath (J & K)
► Largest Cave Temple - Kailash Temple, Ellora (Maharashtra)
► Tallest Plunge Water fall - Nohkalikai Falls (335 metres) in shora near cherrapunji Meghalaya
► Biggest cave temple - Ellora.
► Biggest Mosque - Jama masjid at Delhi
► Highest Gateway - Buland Darwaza at fatepur Sikri
► Tallest Statues - Statues of Hanuman (AP)
► Largest Dome - Gol Gumbaz at Bizapur.
► Largest Zoo - Zoological Garden at Alipur (Kolkata)
► Largest Museum - Indian Museum at Kolkata
► Largest District - Kutch District
► Longest Electric Railway line - From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna.
► Longest Railway Route - From Assam to Kanyakumari
► Longest Railway Plate form - Gorakhpur (U.P.)
► Highest Railway station - Ghum (W. Bengal)
► Longest Tunnel - Jawahar Tunnel (J&K)
► Longest Highway - NH-44 (NH-7) which turns from Varanasi to Kanyakumari
► Smallest state (population) - Sikkim
► Smallest State (Area) - Goa
► Densest Populated State - West Bengal
► Largest Animal fair - Sonepur (Bihar)
► Largest Auditorium - Sri Shanmukhanand Hall (Mumbai)
► Largest Port - Mumbai
► Biggest Hotel - Oberai Sheraton (Mumbai)
► Largest Gurudwara - Golden Temple, Amritsar
► Deepest River Valley - Bhagirathi & Alakhnanda
► Largest Church - Saint Catherdal (Goa)
► Oldest Church - St. Thomas Church at Palayar, Trichur (Kerala)
► Highest Airport - Leh (Ladakh) (J&K)
► Biggest Stadium - Yuva Bharti (Salt lake) stadium, Kolkata.
► Largest Inland salt lake - Sambhar lake.


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