Bihar Police Constable Geography (भूगोल) Syllabus

केन्द्रीय चयन पर्षद, पटना, बिहार

Central Selection Board of Constable : Bihar Police Syllabus 2018-19

Bihar Police Geography (भूगोल) Subject Syllabus

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit-I : Geography as a discipline

  • Nature and Scope
  • Science & Spatial attributes
  • Branches of Geography
  • Importance of physical geography (Nature and scope)

Unit-II : Earth

  • Origin and Evolution of the Earth.
  • Interior of the Earth.
  • Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
  • Geological process Earthquake, volcanoes.

Unit-III : Landforms

  • Minerals and Rocks
  • Types of Rocks and its characteristics.
  • Geomorphic process weathering and erosion.
  • Lnadforms and its types.

Unit-IV : Climate

  • Composition and structure.
  • Elements of Weather and Climate.
  • Insolation: Angle of incidence of Sun’s ray & distribution.
  • Heat Budget
  • Heating and Cooling of Atmosphere.
  • Conduction, Convection, Radiation.
  • Problems of Global Warming.
  • Green House Effects.
  • Pressure belts.
  • Winds : Planetary, Seasonal & Local and its effects.
  • Air masses and fronts.
  • Cyclones : Tropical & Temperate.
  • Condensation and Evaporation process.

Unit-V : Hydrosphere (Water) oceans

  • Hydrological Cycle
  • Study of Submarine Relief.
  • Distribution of temperature and Salinity.
  • Movements of Ocean water waves, tides and currents.

Unit-VI : Biosphere

  • Ecosystems.
  • Role of Man in Ecological Imbalance.
  • Human and Environmental effects.

Economic Geography

Unit-I : Resource

  • Meaning and Scope
  • Concept
  • Classification and Conservation

Unit-II : Man and Environment

  • Major Natural Regions of the world
  • Equatorial Region
  • Monsoon Region
  • Tropical Region
  • Temperate grassland
  • Human Life.

Unit-III : Main Crops of the World

  • Grains – Rice, Wheat & Pulses
  • Cash Crops – Cotton & Sugarcane
  • Plantation Crops – tea
  • Milk production
  • Geographical conditions, distribution and world-trade of different crop’s production.

Unit-IV : Major Industries of the World

  • Utility and distribution of Iron-ore, Cotton-textile, Factors of Industrialization and its effects on the economy.

Unit-I : Fundamentals of Human Geography

  • Nature and Scope

Unit-II : People

  • Population of the world, distribution, density and growth.
  • Population change, spatial pattern and structure, determinant of population changes, Age and Sex ratio, rural urban composition.
  • Human development, Concept, selected indicators, International comparison.

Unit-III : Human Activities

  • Primary activities : Concept and changing trends, gathering, Pastoral mining, subsistence Agriculture.
  • Secondary activities : Concept, Manufacturing Agro Processing, House-hold, small scale, large scale.
  • Tertiary activities : Concept, Trade, Transport and communication and Trade.
  • Quaternary activities – Concepts knowledge based Industry, Information Technology- USA, Britain, India its contribution.

Unit-IV : Transport, communication & Trade

  • Land Transport : Road, railways, Air, Water.
  • Satellite communication, cyber zone, International Technology – USA, Britain, India its contribution.

Unit-V : Human Settlement

  • Types, Characteristics & problem. Rural & Urban, Morphology of cities,
  • Problems related to Human Settlements in developing country.

Unit-I : Introduction

  • Location, Neighborhood relations and place of India in the world.

Unit-II : Physical aspects & drainage systems

  • Physiography
  • Relief
  • Drainage systems
  • Physical divisions

Unit-III : Climate, Vegetation and soil

  • Weather & climate, Distribution of temperature, pressure, winds & rainfall. Indian monsoons, distribution. Wildlife conservation - Soil, Major types ( ICAR classification ) their distribution and conservation.

Unit-IV : Resources and development

  • Land Resources : Agriculture land-use, major crops and Agricultural development and problems.
  • Water resources : Achievement and usages, problems and conservation.
  • Mineral and Energy resources : Metals and non- metals, minerals and its distribution and conservation, conventional and non-conventional resources of Energy.

Unit-V : Transport, communication & International Trade

  • Road, Railway, Water-ways, Airways, Gas and Oil pipeline, National electricity grid.

Unit-VI : Population

  • Distribution, density & growth, composition of population, language and religion, rural-urban population.

Unit-VII : Natural Hazards and managements

  • Flood and Drought, Earthquake and volcano, landslides, cyclones, T-sunami.
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