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Syllabus: UGC NET - 2013 (Commerce)

UGC - National Eligibility Test (NET) Exam Syllabus - 2013

Commerce

Paper II and Paper III (A) Core Group

Unit-I :
Business Environment :

  • Meaning and Elements of Business Environment.
  • Economic environment, Economic Policies, Economic Planning.
  • Legal environment of Business in India, Competition policy, Consumer protection, Environment protection.
  • Policy Environment : Liberalization Privatisation and globalisation, Second generation reforms, Industrial policy and implementation. Industrial growth and structural changes.

Unit-II :
Financial & Management Accounting :

  • Basic Accounting concepts, Capital and Revenue, Financial statements.
  • Partnership Accounts : Admission, Retirement, Death, Dissolution and Cash Distribution.
  • Advanced Company Accounts : Issue, forfeiture, Purchase of Business, Liquidation, Valuation of shares, Amalgamation, Absorption and Reconstruction, Holding Company Accounts.
  • Cost and Management Accounting : Ratio Analysis, Funds Flow Analysis, Cash Flow Analysis, Marginal costing and Break-even analysis, Standard costing, -Budgetary control, Costing for decision-making Responsibility accounting.

Unit-III :
Business Economics :

  • Nature and uses of Business Economics, Concept of Profit and Wealth maximization. Demand Analysis and Elasticity of Demand, Indifference Curve Analysis,  Law.
  • Utility Analysis and Laws of Returns and Law of variable proportions.
  • Cost, Revenue, Price determination in different market situations : Perfect competition, Monopolistic competition, Monopoly, Price discrimination and Oligopoly, Pricing strategies.

Unit-IV :
Business Statistics & Data Processing :

  • Data types, Data collection and analysis, sampling, need, errors and methods of sampling, Normal distribution, Hypothesis testing, Analysis and Interpretation of Data.
  • Correlation and Regression, small sample tests : t-test, F-test and chi-square test.
  • Data processing : Elements, Data entry, Data processing and Computer applications.
  • Computer Application to Functional Areas : Accounting, Inventory control, Marketing.

Unit-V :
Business Management :

  • Principles of Management.
  • Planning : Objectives, Strategies, Planning process, Decision-making.
  • Organising, Organisational structure, Formal and Informal organisations, Organisational culture.
  • Staffing
  • Leading : Motivation, Leadership, Committees, Communication.
  • Controlling
  • Corporate Governance and Business Ethics.

Unit-VI :
Marketing Management :

  • The evolution of marketing, Concepts of marketing, Marketing mix, Marketing environment.
  • Consumer behaviour, Market segmentation.
  • Product decisions
  • Pricing decisions
  • Distribution decisions
  • Promotion decisions
  • Marketing planning, Organising and Control.

Unit-VII :
Financial Management :

  • Capital Structure, Financial and Operating leverage.
  • Cost of capital, Capital budgeting.
  • Working capital management
  • Dividend Policy

Unit-VIII :
Human Resources Management :

  • Concepts, Role and Functions of Human Resource management.
  • Human Resource Planning, Recruitment and Selection.
  • Training and Development, Succession Planning.
  • Compensation : Wage and Salary Administration, Incentive and Fringe benefits, Morale and Productivity.
  • Performance Appraisal
  • Industrial Relations in India, Health, Safety, Welfare and Social security, Workers’ Participation in Management.

Unit-IX :
Banking and Financial Institution :

  • Importance of Banking to Business, Types of Banks and Their Functions, Reserve Bank of India, NABARD and Rural Banking.
  • Banking Sector Reform in India, NPA, Capital adequacy norms.
  • E-banking
  • Development Banking : IDBI, IFCI, SFCs, UTI, SIDBI.

Unit-X :
International Business :

  • Theoretical foundations of international business, Balance of Payments.
  • International liquidity, International Economic Institutions : IMF, World Bank IFC, IDA, ADB.
  • World Trade Organisation-its functions and policies.
  • Structure of India’s foreign trade : Composition and direction, EXIM Bank, EXIM Policy of India, Regulation and promotion of Foreign Trade.

Paper-III (B) Elective/Optional

Elective-I : Accounting and Finance

  • Accounting standards in India, Inflation Accounting, Human Resource Accounting, Responsibility Accounting, Social Accounting.
  • Money and Capital market, Working of stock exchanges in India, NSE, OTCEI, NASDAQ, Derivatives and Options.
  • Regulatory Authorities : SEBI, Rating Agencies; New Instruments; GDRs, ADRs.
  • Venture Capital Funds, Mergers and Acquisitions, Mutual Funds, Lease Financing, Factoring, Measurement of risk and returns securities and portfolios.
  • Computer Application in Accounting and Finance.

Elective-II : Marketing

  • Marketing Tasks, Concepts and Tools, Marketing Environment.
  • Consumer Behaviour and Market Segmentation.
  • Product decisions
  • Pricing decisions
  • Distribution decisions
  • Promotion decisions
  • Marketing Researchs
  • On-line marketing
  • Direct Marketing; Social, ethical and legal aspects of marketing in India.

Elective-III : Human Resource Management

  • Concept; Role and Functions of Human Resource Management.
  • Human Resource Planning, Job analysis, Job description and specifications, Use of Job analysis information, Recruitment and Selection.
  • Training and Development, Succession Planning.
  • Compensation : Wage and Salary administration, Incentives and Fringe benefits, Morale and Productivity.
  • Appraisal Performance
  • Industrial Relations in India, Health, Safety, Welfare and Social Security, Workers participation in Management.

Elective-IV : International Business

  • Foreign Direct Investment and Multinational Corporations-MNCs Culture, MNCs and LDCs, Joint Ventures.
  • Regional Economic Integration : SAARC, ASEAN, EC, NAFTA.
  • India and WTO, Intellectual Property Rights.
  • Foreign Exchange : Exchange rate, Mechanism, Risk management, Transfer of international payments, Convertibility of Rupee, Current and Capital Accounts; Issues and Perceptions, Derivatives and Futures.
  • Foreign investment Institutions; Instruments : GDRs, ADRs, FIIs-their role in Indian Capital Market.

Elective-V : Income-tax Law and Tax Planning

  • Basic concepts, Residential status and tax incidence, exempted incomes, computation of taxable income under various heads.
  • Computation of taxable income of individuals and firms.
  • Deduction of tax, filing of returns, different types of assessment; Defaults and penalties.
  • Tax Planning : Concept, significance and problems of tax planning, Tax evasion and tax avoidance, methods of tax planning.
  • Tax considerations in specific business decisions, viz., make or buy; own or lease, retain or replace; export or domestic sales; shut-down or closure; expand or contract; invest or disinvest.
  • Computer Application in Income tax and Tax planning.

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