Important Topic: National Green Tribunal (NGT)

Important Topics for Competitive Exams

Important Topic


The Government of India has passed a notification allowing NGT (National Green Tribunal) to form One-member Benches in exceptional circumstances. At present, NGT regional benches in Chennai and Kolkata are both functioning with one judicial member each and the expert members have retired.

It follows the principles of Natural justice and is not bound by Civil Procedure Code. The Supreme Court directed the chairperson of National Green Tribunal not to constitute single member benches to hear cases as had been authorised by the central government through a notification in December last year.

The rules of the NGT Act mandate the chairperson to constitute a bench of “two or more members consisting of at least one judicial member and one expert member”. According to the NGT Act, 2010, the tribunal should have “not less than ten” and up to 20 “fulltime” judicial members and between 10 and 20 expert members.

Through the Financial Act, 2017, amendments to the NGT Act, 2017 have been made. Accordingly, "anyone with at least 25 years experience in law" can be chosen to head the NGT, in addition to retired judges.

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