Important Topic: Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
Submitted by root on Fri, 03/30/2018 - 13:09
Important Topics for Competitive Exams
It is a multilateral, consensus based grouping of 35 member countries who are voluntarily committed to the non-proliferation of missiles capable of carrying chemical, biological and nuclear weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). MTCR aims at restricting the proliferation of missiles, complete rocket systems, unmanned air vehicles and related technology for those systems capable of carrying a 500 kg payload for at least 300 km, as well as systems intended for the delivery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
It was established in April 1987 by G-7 countries – USA, UK, France, Germany, Canada, Italy, and Japan, to check the spread of unmanned delivery systems capable of carrying nuclear weapons of above 500kg for more than 300km. In 1992, it was extended for all types of weapons of mass destruction.
Now, it has 35 full members including India and 4 “non-adherent members” – Israel, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia. China is not a member of this regime but it had verbally pledged to adhere to its original guidelines but not to the subsequent additions.