Important Topic: Madhav Gadgil Committee on Western Ghats

Important Topics for Competitive Exams


Important Topic

Madhav Gadgil committee recommendations

It recommended making entire Western Ghats an Ecologically Sensitive Area because of its rich biodiversity and its ecosystem services like irrigation and drinking water to people.

  • Local self-government should have the authority to regulate and encourage activities in each zone.
  • The activities to be banned in Ecologically sensitive zones would be GM crops, SEZs, change of land use, thermal plants, sand mining etc.

Kasturirangan Committee

A committee headed by K. Kasturirangan recommended that only about 60,000 sq km or about 37% of the WG be declared as ESA. This was a significant reduction from that of the Gadgil committee.



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