Important Topic: Geographical Indicator (GI)

Important Topics for Competitive Exams

Important Topic

A registered GI remains valid for 10 years and can be renewed on payment of a renewal fee. The association of persons or producers or any organisation or authority which represents the interest of the producers of the concerned goods pay the fee.

A geographical indicator (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin. Chakhesang Shawls of Nagaland have been accorded GI tag recently under the handicraft category. It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods having special quality and established reputation.

These goods and products having tag are recognised for their origin, quality and reputation and gives it the required edge in the global market. It also ensures that none can use their name, giving them exclusivity. GI is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property. At the international level, GI is governed by WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).

In India, GI tag is governed by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999. This Act is administered by Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also the Registrar of Geographical Indications.

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