Important Topic: Charter Act of 1833
Important Topics for Competitive Exams
The Charter Act of 1833 had laid down that the Court of Directors should nominate as many candidates, from whom one should be selected by competitive examination. The Charter Act of 1833 also provided that Haileybury College of London should make quota to admit the future civil servants. However, this system of an open competition was never effectively operated.
The Charter Act of 1853 deprived the Court of Directors of its right of Patronage to Indian appointments and now it was to be exercised under the regulations. This was the birth of Civil Services which was thrown in 1854 for open competition. The first Indian to qualify was S.N. Tagore. He was the second son of Debendranath Tagore and elder brother of Rabindranath Tagore. Satyendranath was selected for the Indian Civil Service in 1863. Satyendranath was posted to Bombay Presidency.
There he developed close contacts with many of the leading reformers and Prarthana Samaj figures —Mahadev Govind Ranade, Kashinath Trimbak Telang, Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar and Narayan Ganesh Chandavarkar. He also translated Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s Geetarahasya and Tukaram’s Abhang poems into Bengali.
Features of the 1853 Act
For the first time, it separated the legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General’s council and added six new members called legislative councilors to the council.
It also introduced an open competition system of selection and recruitment of civil servants. The covenanted civil service was thus thrown open to the Indians also. The Macaulay Committee (Committee on the Indian Civil Service) was appoint ed in 1854 for that.
It extended the Company’s rule and allowed it to retain the possession of Indian territories on trust for the British Crown. But, it did not specify any specific period, unlike the previous Charters.
The Charter Act of 1833 made the Governor General of Bengal as the Governor General of India.