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Download Paper & Marking Scheme for Class XII (Entrepreneurship) - 2012

Central Board of Secondary Education

Previous Year Question Papers for Class X/XII (Board Examination 2012)

(ENTREPRENEURSHIP)

SET - 1

1. Name the two most crucial behavioural characteristics of an Entrepreneur. 1
2. State how 'Market Competition' should be assessed while identifying a feasible product or service. 1
3. Why 'Consumer' is called a 'King' ? State. 1
4. 'Trained man-power' is a type of Human Resource which is required in a Small- Scale-Enterprise. State the type of work they are often engaged in. 1
5. State how 'Penetrating-Pricing Method' facilitate in expanding the market. 1
6. Give four names of supportive agencies who extend financial support, expertise and training to the Entrepreneurs. 2
7. Give any two examples which explain how ideas can be generated based on 'Natural Resources'. 2

8. An entrepreneur proposes to produce 1000 shirts per week for which he needs Rs. 50,000 for purchasing raw materials, Rs. 20,000 towards the payment of labour charges and Rs.10,000 for purchase of a machinery. His operating cycle is 2 weeks. Calculate the working capital requirements of this entrepreneur and also give the meaning of 'Operating Cycle'. 2

9. 'Nature of Market' affects the channel of distribution. Which channel of distribution will be more suitable for the following markets? 2
(a) Concentrated Market
(b) Remote Market
(c) Monopolistic Market.
(d) Regional Market

10. State any two features of 'Leasing'. 2
11. What is meant by 'Scanning of Environment' ? Explain how 'Political-Factors' help in scanning of Environment. 3
12. Why do customers prefer enterprises with assured sale service? Explain. 3
13. Explain the concept of 'Break-Even-Point' with example. 3
14. Explain any two inputs required for designing a 'Sales Budget'. 3
15. 'Personal-selling plays a very important role in Sales Promotion.' State any six points of such role of Personal-Selling in Sales Promotion. 3
16. State the six major objectives of preparing the 'Project Report'. 3

17. 'While determining the 'Cost', 'Cost of Labour' is the major element.' What is meant by 'Cost of Labour' ? Also explain 'Direct' and 'Indirect Cost of Labour' . 3
18. Explain any four points on the basis of which details are prepared by an entrepreneur while assessing the market. 4

19. What is a Feasibility Plan? Explain: 4
(i) Objectives of Business
(ii) Operational Plan and
(iii) Financial Profiles as the main features of a feasibility plan.

20. What are the different issues which are determined under 'Physical Resources' ? 4
21. Explain any four elements of a 'Project Report'. 4
22. Explain 'Market-Driven Ideas', 'Trading related Ideas' and 'Service-Sector Ideas' as different Idea Fields. 6

OR

Explain any six ways adopted by entrepreneurs to generate ideas with at least one example for each.

23. Distinguish between Shares and Debentures on the basis of the following: 6
(i) Status of the Investor
(ii) Return Rate
(iii) Convertibility
(iv) Right to Vote
(v) Redemption of Capital and
(vi) Charge on Assets
OR
Differentiate between Preference Shares and Equity Shares on the basis of the
following:
(i) Payment of Dividend
(ii) Repayment of Capital
(iii) Voting Right
(iv) Convertibility
(v) Rate of Dividend and
(vi) Redemption order
24. Explain any four factors that influence growth of an Enterprise. 6
OR
Explain any four growth sustaining activities adopted by an Entrepreneur.

SET - 2

1. In which form does the 'opportunity' exist in the environment? 1
2. State any two factors included in 'level of operation' while identifying a feasible product. 1
3. What is meant by 'Idea Fields' ? 1
4. What is meant by 'collateral security' ? 1
5. Name the 'Pricing Policy' adopted by an Entrepreneur in which maximum price is determined by the ability of the customer to pay. 1
6. State the different stages of an 'Enterprise-Process-Diagram' with diagram. 2
7. Explain with example how 'Existing Products or Services' help in generation of ideas. 2

8. An entrepreneur proposes to produce 500 pants per week for which he needs Rs. 30,000 for purchasing raw materials, Rs. 10,000 for payment of labour charges and Rs. 5,000 for purchase of a button machinery. His operating cycle is 3 weeks. Calculate the working capital requirements of this entrepreneur and also give the meaning of 'operating cycle'. 2

9. 'Nature of Products' affects the channel of distribution. Which channel of distribution will be more suitable for the following products: 2
(a) Voluminous and Bulky goods
(b) Capital goods
(c) Consumable goods with a better shelf-life
(d) Goods with low shelf-value

10. State any two features of 'Factoring' as a source of finance. 2
11. Why is environment an important factor for Entrepreneurship? Explain. 3
12. Explain 'Marketing Strategies' and 'Financial Profile' as features of a Feasibility Plan. 3
13. Explain any three major elements of a 'Project Report'. 3
14. In addition to purchasing fixed assets and current assets, finance is needed for many purposes. State any three such purposes. 3

15. Designing an advertisement is an important activity. State the issues that should be addressed while designing it. Also discuss how advertisement empowers the customers. 3

16. State by giving any three points, 'how does branding help an entrepreneur' . 3
17. Explain 'Credit credibility' and 'Meeting statutory obligations' as social responsibilities of an entrepreneur. 3
18. Explain how 'Application and Use; 'Level of operation', 'Cost' and 'Technical complexity' help in identifying a feasible product or process. 4
19. What is a 'feasibility plan' ? State any three reasons why the entrepreneurs need a feasibility plan. 4
20. What is a 'Project Report' ? Explain the uses of the Project Report for the 'Entrepreneur' and for the 'Government'. 4
21.
'To find the critical components of the project idea' is one of the objectives of preparing the Project Report. State the other objectives. 4
22. Explain the practical steps involved in setting up a Small-Seale-Enterprise at Stage-II. 6

OR

Explain any six ways adopted by entrepreneurs to generate ideas with atleast one example for each.

23. State any three 'Direct Assistance' and any three 'Indirect Assistance' provided by Small Industries Development Bank of India. 6

OR

What is the objective with which 'Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India' was setup? State any five functions performed by this Bank.

24. Define 'Creativity'. Explain the five stages of the 'creative process'. 6

OR

Explain the concept of 'Planning Paradigm', and 'The Four Stage Growth Model' of it.

Courtesy: CBSE

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